Gyumri – is the second largest city in Armenia, located 126 kilometers from Yerevan, in the central part of the Shirak Plateau, in a plain 1550 meters above sea level, in the north-west of Armenia, on the left bank of the Akhuryan River. It has the status of a city since 1837, initially in Kumayri, later until 1840 in Gyumri, in 1840-1924 in Alexandropol, in 1924-1990 in Leninakan, in 1990-1991 in Kumayri, from 1992 Gyumri.
Gyumri Day is celebrated every year on August 25. It is entitled “Gyumri Day”. Every year on that day, various cognitive and entertaining events are organized to acquaint both Armenians and foreigners with the history and culture of the city.
The air of Gyumri is invigorating and healthy, the vegetation is steppe, acacia, maple, ash and other tree species grow in the river valleys.
The climate is continental, with relatively hot summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature is 7°C, in January -8°C (minimum -35°C), in July – 20°C (maximum – 34°C).
The ancient churches of Gyumri. “St Astvatsatsin or Yot Verq (Seven Wounds) Church”, “Holy Saviors’ Church”, “St. Nshan church”.
FAMOUS PEOPLE OF GYUMRI
Frunzik Mkrtchyan (1930-1993)
Mher Musheghi Mkrtchyan, better known by the name Frunzik, was an Armenian stage and film actor. Mkrtchyan is widely considered one of the greatest actors of the Soviet period among Armenians and the USSR as a whole. He received the prestigious People’s Artist of the USSR award in 1984.
Minas Avetisyan (1928-1975)
Minas Karapet Avetisyan, famous Armenian painter. One of the most brilliant representatives of Armenian fine arts of the second half of the 20th century.
Hovhannes Shiraz (1915-1984)
Hovhannes Shiraz (Onik Tadevosovich Karapetyan), the great Armenian poet. Laureate of the State Prize of the Armenian SSR (1975). Member of the Union of Writers of the USSR (1935).
Avetik Isahakyan (1875-1957)
Avetik Sahak Isahakyan, Armenian poet, prose writer, translator, literary and public figure, publicist. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia (1943). Laureate of the USSR State Prize (1946). Member of the USSR Writers’ Union since 1935.
Armen Tigranyan (1879-1950)
Armen Tigranyan, composer, conductor, Honored Art Worker of the USSR-USSR, is the founder of the Armenian National Opera. His most famous works are “Anush” (1912) and “David-Bek” (1950) operas.
Vardan Achemyan (1905-1977)
Vardan Achemyan, famous Armenian theatrical director, theatrical figure, People’s Artist of the USSR (1965), Hero of Socialist Labor (1975), laureate of the Stalin Prize of the 3rd degree (1951).
Jivani is the founder of the National School of Ashug Art. About 800 songs from his works have survived to this day. He toured a lot with his group, performing both in Armenia and in the cities of Georgia and Russia.